FAQ:

PEANUT ITSELF
1.What is peanut, is it from trees?

Low plant (Arachis hypogaea) of the PULSE family, and its protein-rich, edible seeds,it flowers above the ground, but fruits below the ground. Typical misconceptions of how peanuts grow place them on trees (like walnuts or pecans) or growing as a part of a root, like potatoes.The seeds (peanuts) are eaten fresh or roasted and used in cooking and confection. They are ground to make peanut butter and yield an oil used for MARGARINE, cooking oil, soap manufacture, and industrial purposes. The peanut plant is unusual for its geocarpy: when the pod begins to form, it is pushed into the ground by elongation of the stalk and matures underground. The peanut is a nitrogen-fixing plant,its roots form modules which absorb nitrogen from the air and provides enrichment and nutrition to the plant and soils.

2. When did peanut originate?

Peanut originated around for 3500 years in the place now-called Brazil or Peru. The first major use for peanuts was as food for pigs. The first commercial growth of peanuts is generally attributed to the Poplar Grove Plantation at Scotts Hill located in North Carolina. The first notable use of peanuts as food for humans came during the American Civil War, when both Northern and Southern troops used the peanut as a food source during hard times.Dr.G.W.Carver is considered by many as the father of the commercial peanut.In 1903 he began research at the Tuskeegee Institute, which eventually yielded over 300 uses for the peanut including cheese, mayonnaise, chili sauce, shampoo, bleach, axle grease, linoleum and ice cream. He suggested to the farmers that they rotate their cotton plants and cultivate peanuts.

3. Where does peanut grow?

Native to South America, it is now widely cultivated. Peanuts are grown in the warm climates of Asia, Africa, Australia, and North and South America. India and China together account for more than half of the world's production. The United States has about 3% of the world acreage of peanuts, but grows nearly 10% of the world's crop because of higher yields per acre. Other major peanut growing countries include Senegal, Sudan, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, Malawi, and Nigeria.

4. Other name for peanuts?

Groundnut.

5. Why do you call the peanuts "long-life nuts"?

Research studies on large groups of people have found that people who often eat peanuts and nuts have much lower risks of heart disease. Also, scientists are finding that diets high in monounsaturated fats, the type found in peanuts, may also protect against heart disease, peanuts may even inhibit cancer. That is why in China peanuts are also called "Chang Sheng Guo" meaning in English "long-life nuts "Peanuts and peanut butter are whole foods that contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, ample protein and beneficial unsaturated fats. Since they are a plant food, they naturally contain no cholesterol. Though peanuts are a wholesome healthy food for the vast majority of people., there is still misconceptions that "they are fattening", "they are high in cholesterol", in order to overcome these misconceptions and promote the upside of peanuts, the British Peanut Council has embarked on a pro-active promotion campaign to tell the truth story of peanut. We are proud of to be one of the partners of the Go Pea Nutty for Health campaign.

6. What is China peanut and what is Shandong peanut?

In China, peanut is widely cultivated, mostly in eastern China's Shandong province, some in northeast and mid China. Shandong (especially east part of Shandong or Shandong peninsula) is the largest peanut origin place in China. Qingdao, situated in the Shandong Peninsula, in the main port for exportation of China and Shandong peanuts. We are blessed with a mild climate and sandy soil rich in phosphate, free of aflatoxin. Our peanuts are grown in the mountainous areas free from industrial pollution and aflatoxin contamination. Our farmers use natural field management techniques including crop rotation, mulching and natural airing. Farmers use no chemical fertilizers which ensure 100% of the natural taste and flavor of peanut.

7. What types are there for Shandong peanut?

Shandong peanut is famous throughout the world for its large size, plump grain, good color, excellent taste and high nutrition. Shandong peanut is usually called as "Shandong Big Peanuts" or "DARLIE (DA LI)" meaning "big kernels" in Chinese. Shandong peanut is usually with 2 kernels. The kernel takes 2 different shapes: one is of oblong Virginian type or TSUJI type; the other is of round Spanish type, also called as HSIAOBAISHA (Xiao Bai Sha), which is usually small than Darlie.

8. What is the season of Shandong peanut?

Yielded in late September and be available for exportation in mid October. Rare in July, August, and September. From planting to harvesting, the growing cycle takes about four to five months, depending on the type or variety.

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